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pac • tum
— (Latin) “covenant, pact, compact”
re • form • an • da
— (Latin) “reforming”

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These Are Two Covenants: Reconsidering Paul on the Mosaic Law Finding the inner logic of the apostle’s complex approach to the old covenant.

These Are Two Covenants book cover

Release date: 2010 (digital) / 2012 (paper).
5.5x8.5" paperback; 103pp.
Retail price: Paperback $9.95 USD | PDF $4.95

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In this small book, Tim Gallant engages in careful rethinking of Paul's handling of the matter of the Mosaic law.

Keying on the central texts in Galatians and Romans, Gallant works with the logic and flow of Paul's arguments, rather than beginning with dogmatic questions. Without taking an uncritical stance toward recent development such as the New Perspective on Paul, nor offering a standard exposition of traditional exegetical approaches to Paul, Gallant helps unearth the inner logic of a variety of apparent tensions in Paul's reflections on the law.

The result is an intriguing re-presentation of Paul's salvation-historical hermeneutic.


  • Foreword (by Rich Lusk)
  • Preface
  • Introduction
    • The New Perspective on Paul
  • What Law?
    • Particular vs Universal
    • Oral Law?
    • Scripture and Covenant
  • Not Under Law
    • Two Ages
    • Removal from Torah in Galatians
    • Removal from Torah in Romans
    • Torah Nailed to the Cross: Ephesians and Colossians
    • Other Pauline Statements on Removal from Torah
  • Why Not Torah?
    • Gentiles and Torah
    • Why and Wherefore
    • Life Under Sin
    • Sin, Judgment, and Torah
    • Israel's Boast
  • Justification, Torah, and the Abrahamic Covenant
    • Romans 10:5-8
    • Galatians 3:11, 12
    • Christ as Torah
    • Summary: Christ and the Covenants
  • Jewish Christians and a Defunct Law
  • Fulfilling the Law
  • Paul and Jesus
  • Paul and the Reformed Tradition
    • The "Moral Law"
    • Sola Fide and Saving Faith in Paul
    • The Reformation and Eschatological Justification in Paul
  • Conclusion
  • Bibliography
  • Mini-Glossary
  • Scripture Index
  • About the Author

About the author—Tim Gallant grew up as a preacher’s kid in Western Canada, where he fell in love with reading, writing and music creation. He graduated with honors from Mid-America Reformed Seminary in 2000. Along with pastoral and other leadership roles, Tim has written numerous books, spoken at numerous conferences and camps, and lives in the Nashville area with his wife Kristi and a horde of children.

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